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Water crisis: Child sitting on cracked earth near drying water

Climate change and its impact on the Arab region

Climate change and its impact on the Arab region
The Middle East and North Africa region is one of the regions in the world most vulnerable to climate change, due to its water scarcity (the highest rates in the world), its heavy reliance on climate-sensitive agriculture, the high proportion of population and economic activities centered in coastal urban areas that are prone to flooding.
The most recent assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is that the climate is expected to become hotter and drier in most parts of the Middle East and North Africa. Higher temperatures and reduced rainfall will increase the frequency and severity of droughts, an effect that is already being achieved in the Maghreb region.
Climate Change Strategy in the Middle East and North Africa
The World Bank’s regional team for the Middle East and North Africa is currently preparing a regional strategy and action plan on climate change that will define the region’s general directions for activity at the Bank level as stated in the Strategic Framework for Development and Climate Change of the World Bank Group. The overall objective of this strategy is to support MENA countries in their efforts to enhance their resilience to the effects of climate change (particularly in relation to agriculture and water resource management), and to seize opportunities for low-carbon development in the areas of energy, transportation, and urban development.
The biggest challenge for IDA clients in the Middle East and North Africa, Yemen and Djibouti, is to strike a short-term balance between development and poverty reduction priorities while taking measures to reduce vulnerability to the effects of climate change in the longer term. For middle-income countries, the dual challenge for governments and development partners is to quickly mobilize sufficient resources to mitigate the impacts of climate change, particularly on the most vulnerable social groups, as well as to make climate change-related efforts an integral part of the various reform efforts being undertaken from In order to improve and develop infrastructure services

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