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The contents of the holy places in Islamic law

The contents of the holy places in Islamic law
Prof. Kwakib of Ahmed al-Fadhli
Department of Quranic Sciences and Islamic Education
College of Education – University of Kufa
There are many of them that are Islamic and some that are not Islamic and include:
First: the mosque
Second: the thresholds and shrines
Third: Maqamat
Fourth: Sheds
Fifth: Cemeteries
Sixth: Churches
Seventh: Monasteries
First: the mosque:
A – In the language: (Prostrating: Submissive): It is the name of a place that is derived from prostration and its door prostrated prostrate. The mosque with a fracture: the name of the place of prostration and the mosque with openness: the forehead of the man where the scarring of the prostration and the mosque afflicts him by breaking the M:
B – In the terminology: Al-Zajaj said: Every place in which you worship is a mosque. Do you not see that the Prophet (may God’s prayers and peace be upon him and his family) said (and made the land a mosque for me and purification), and Al-Zarkashi knew: that it is the place in which he worshiped and is the same definition of glass
He explains the reason for choosing the word mosque for the place of prayer, but not for other words, and he says: When the prostration was the most honorable prayer for the servant’s proximity to his Lord, the place was derived from him.
Secondly: Thresholds and shrines: They are in the language: From the threshold: The sill of the door that is stepped in. It was said: The upper threshold and the wood above the upper: the eyebrow, and the lavatory: the lower and the plural are thresholds and thresholds. It is located in Najaf, Karbala, Al-Kadhimiya and Samarra, and the Al-Abbas shrine (peace be upon him) is attached to it in Karbala
And the other knew it: all the holy shrines, mosques, mosques, churches, temples, and every place designated for the worship of a people or a sect of sects or a religion of boredom.
As for what is meant by the shrines: they are in the language: the shrine is a slit in the middle of the grave. And the grave on the side, and Al-Azhari said in his translation Lahd: The shrine and the shrine were not in the middle, meaning the grave
Third: Maqamat
In the language: As for the place of conquest, it is also the name of a place of residence, and it is the dwelling. Whoever stays in a place for a while or a long time is called that place for him. And the plural of it are maqams. The whereabouts of the prophets, the imams, and the saints are often called the shrine of the Commander of the Faithful Ali (peace be upon him) and the Prophet Noah (peace be upon him) in the mosque of Kufa or the shrine of Imam Al-Sadiq (pbuh) and the shrine of Imam Al-Kazim (peace be upon him) in the holy Karbala and there are those who call the name of the shrine in the expression Figuratively, as the owner set up that place for burial in it, and some of them fired it ignorantly.
Fourth: Sheds
In language: It is the name of a place of rest, and it is sleep, leanings, and stillness, given that the dead is usually placed on its side in the grave. That is, he lays down, it was said to him recumbent and lying down, and his place of sleep is laid down, and he laid it down in the tomb, and the gathering is the tomb And the shrine is the place of rest, and it is also the grave. And it came in the Book of God, the Almighty saying: ((They said, O woe to us who sent us from our shrine)).
Fifth: Cemeteries
In the language: Tomb: The scaffold, the epidemic, and the tongue are a true origin that indicates ambiguity in something and solidarity, from that grave: the grave of the dead, his grave is said to be the tomb he said: Al-Aish said: If a dead person was assigned to her death, he lived and was not transferred to a grave. Allah, the Exalted, the Majestic, said (Then kill him, and make him pass).
In the convention: it is the place where a person is buried after his death, and it is a pit that takes the rectangular shape with the area of ​​the deceased person’s body and with a depth not exceeding two meters, in which the human body is placed and covered with dirt after that. The plot of land designated for graves is called the cemetery.
Sixth: Churches:
A- In the language: the synagogue of the Christians, and the human body responsible for worship, its teachings, and its regulations for the Christians or for one of their denominations (the Catholic Church, the Orthodox Church, or the Protestant Church) (and from the Syriac, meaning, community, forum).
B- In the terminology: it is the place of worship for the Christian religion, as it also means a gathering or a group of Christians who share the same beliefs and thus be synonymous with ((sect)). In the beginning, private houses were used for Christian worship until the pioneers of private homes surpassed the places designated for the presence of worshipers at the time He started to build special houses for practicing sacred rituals. It is believed that the origin of the word belongs to either the Greek (calcium) and means ((call)) or to the Syriac (Kansa) which means ((gathering)) or ((a crowd of people)). As for the origin of the word church, it is Hebrew, taken from the word Knessi and its meaning ((Complex)) or ((and a party)) and some say that its origin is Greek is the Greek word ((Ecclesia)) or ((Ecclesia)) and its meaning is a group or an invitation and it is in its current form of Syriac. The word “sale” has been singled out as a pledge of allegiance in the Holy Qur’an, which corresponds to the word “Church”, the Almighty saying: “And if God had not paid people to each other, silos, sales, prayers and mosques in which the name of God would be mentioned a lot were destroyed.”
Seventh: Monasteries
A – In the language: Monastery: a large building or group of buildings in which monks or nuns usually attach to it gardens and orchards that are planted by monks, and they harvest their crops, the most important of which are grapes, which they squeeze with wine and collect them into homes or plots.
B – In terminology: it is the residence of Christians in which monks are worshiped, and it is hardly in the greater Egypt, but rather in deserts and mountain heads. If it is in the greater Egypt, then it is a church or a pledge of allegiance as it is in the valleys and mountain heads. Al-Bakri mentions that they are Christians, that they were dependent on building many places of trees, riyadh and water, and they were making walls, roofs, and gold in their walls, and they spread in many places from Iraq, the Levant and the Arabian Peninsula until they became one of the most well-known Christian words among the Arabs that are related to places of worship or housing Among the Christians, she was receiving benefits from the churches of Iraq, the Levant and the Romans until she was able to preach among the most tribes

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