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The lesson of linguistics

The lesson of linguistics among Orientalists and Arabic linguists is the grammatical approach.
Dr. Faris Hassan Mohsen
The Faculty of Education / University of Kufa
The Orientalist curriculum is one of the most important factors that lead to the study of the Arabic language in the light of a new approach that depends on important mechanisms to reach the truth. Our first Arab scientists: • His dependence on the science of fossils and monuments when scientists reached the deciphering of the most dead languages ​​• Adopting the budget system that became prevalent since the beginning of the nineteenth century and the language had a great share • Studying the language according to the new classification of Max The Arabic Grammar • The narratives in our hands from the narrators’ news dates back to the third century AH and indicates that Abba Al-Aswad Al-Dawali (69 AH) has laid out the first principles of the Arabic language. But the difference in these narratives is in the same person who taught (Aba Al-Aswad), and in the reason that Aba Al-Aswad took it, and Abu Al-Barakat Al-Anbari (577 AH) first credited him with Imam Ali (peace be upon him) Their views on this subject have been divided into three sections: • Some of them believe that their inception is Arab “We recognize that the possible dialogue between the Arab and Greek poets has occurred,” Fisher said. “We believe that the Arab dialogue was influenced by foreign influence at an early stage of its development. In fact, at first, “he says in another place on the importance of Seaboye’s book:” Seboyeh was the grammatical one who distanced me from the Arabic grammar from the traces of Greek thought “(Ain Meirah (Talmon), which confirms that the first stages of Arabic grammar were characterized by foreign influence ) • The Orientalists and their theories: 39-40 • J.Weiss, Die arabische nationalgram atik and die Lateiner. • The chapter on Grammar in the Kitab Mafatih al-ulm- in: Zal ​​15, (94-105) 1985. ••. As for (Brunelich), he sees the opposite, as he represents the beginning of the connection of the linguistic studies of the Arabs with the external influences, while (Khalil ibn Ahmad Al-Farahidi) represents a conclusion to a purely Arab stage, and this is contrary to what Meyer (Fisher) Z: Orientalists and their theories: 68 about: • E.Braunlich, Al – Halil and das Kitab al. (94-103) ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
? Anas Ghweidi and Dabir Marks claim that this effect was shared by Renan, who believes that the effect was obtained by Syriac, Hoffman, Noldeka, Pretorius,   Haj Saleh, Journal of the Faculty of Arts, Algeria, p. 1, 1974. • The truth of expression • Orientalists differed on the expression in terms of its origin and continued signs of expression And the function of expression .. • As for the origin of the expression, the views of most orientalists agreed that it is characteristic of the Semitic language of the mother, and he went to this view (Bergstraser) as he decides that “the expression Sami origin shared by the Akkadian language, and in some Abyssinian, (22). As Noldeke went, the Nabataeans used to make use of some of the names, Attachment in the case of lifting, opening in case of monument, and fracture in case of traction (). (Leitman), Wolfensohn asserts that the effect is expressed by the researchers in both the case and the conscience of dependency. The language of the Arabic language is not only unique to the Arabic language but also has lingering effects in some of the other Semitic languages. It is no longer possible for these languages ​​to have been abandoned for reasons related to human rights. In each language system. But the fact of the expression did not appear clearly surprising and reflective only in Arabic, which maintained this feature and was unique among the sisters of the Semitic () (Wolfensohn) that if the Semitic languages ​​did not have the effect of forcing one word into another so that the two words become one word that indicates the meaning of a complex of The meaning of two independent words, as is the case in the non-Semitic, and this is the reason for the emergence of expressions in the Arabic language () () Arabic has known the phenomenon of sculpture widely • Henry Fleisch has another point of view as he goes to the classical Arabic is not the site of the words something to determine the function of this site in the sentence, the fact that it was able to mediate by the syllabus to find a way to determine the way related to the word function (Arabic): 183. • But what is worthy of standing is the interest of Arab scientists in these rules and their registration, and their differences in some, and the jurisprudence of scientists in the interpretation of grammatical phenomenon, after the purpose of study grammar is to master The Qur’anic text, and the literature of non-Arabs, became grammar This is not only the grammatical lesson on non-Arabs, but the Arab also resorted to this science later became politicized and needed to take care of the bases funded by Arab women, and believed in it, and it seems to me that this

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